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Toastmasters International Mission Statement, Officers Roles/ Responsibilities Basic / Advanced Manuals 45 Speeches -Detailed

 

Toastmasters International published mission statement

 

Toastmasters International is the leading movement devoted to making effective oral communication a worldwide reality.

Through its member clubs, Toastmasters International helps men and women learn the arts of speaking, listening, and thinking -- vital skills that promote self-actualization, enhance leadership potential, foster human understanding, and contribute to the betterment of mankind.

It is basic to this mission that Toastmasters International continually expand its worldwide network of clubs, thereby offering ever-greater numbers of people the opportunity to benefit from its programs.

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Club Goals

An important step in any organization, defining goals and objectives for your club and its members is critical to setting the direction of your club, determining the activities in the club, and outlining the steps needed to help make your club a success.

Vision and Mission Statements

Perhaps the first step in defining any set of goals is to state the vision and the mission of your club. Once you know where you want to take your club, it will be much easier to determine the steps needed to get there.

Club Success Plan

After your club has defined its mission, the executive team should prepare a Club Success Plan detailing the specific targets for your club.

Club Success Plan

The Club Success Plan is a planning document for defining the goals of a club. Club officers should create a Club Success Plan for their club in order to help them focus their efforts and the efforts of the club as a whole during their term in office. In particular, the Club Success Plan represents the club's stated criteria in defining success for the club in the Distinguished Club Program.

After the Club Success Plan is completed, the club's executive committee is encouraged to share the plan with all of the club's members and keep a copy of the plan in the club's records.

Perhaps the best set of goals to consider, however, is the Distinguished Club Program.

Further details about the Club Success Plan can be found in the Toastmasters International Supply Catalog, which is also available online. (The catalog number for the Club Success Plan is 1111.) A summary of the Club Success Plan is available in the President's manual.

Note: Participation in the preparation of a Club Success Plan satisfies one of the requirements for Competent Leader recognition.

The Distinguished Club Program

Many clubs use the Distinguished Club Program as the basis for defining their Club Success Plan -- and for good reason. Administered annually by Toastmasters International , the Distinguished Club Program sets a number of goals for clubs to help grow and educate their membership. On reaching a certain number of these goals, clubs receive special recognition for their outstanding efforts in supporting their members. While reaching these goals does not necessarily ensure the success of a club, it does represent several very solid steps in the right direction.

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Officers Roles and Responsibilities

Each of the officers in a Toastmasters club has certain responsibilities to fulfill in supporting the club and its members. There are several officer positions within each Toastmasters club both to spread the workload fairly and to expand the leadership opportunities for club members.

Filling an officer role does not mean that you are required to do the job alone. Being an officer simply means that you are responsible for ensuring that the job gets done. As an officer, you are allowed -- indeed, encouraged -- to ask other members of the club to help you fulfill your duties.

Note: Serving as a club officer for at least six months satisfies one of the requirements for Competent Leader recognition.

(Some club elect new officers every six months, while other clubs hold elections once a year. This usually depends on whether the club meets every week or every two weeks.)

Preparing to Be a Club Officer

One of the most important things to do in preparing for a club officer position is to attend one of the Club Officer Training sessions sponsored by the district. (In fact, attending these sessions is one of the goals for helping make your club a Distinguished Club.) Please make every effort to attend training so you can receive the support you need to better serve your club.

Club Executive Team

Collectively, a club's officers are refered to as the club's Executive Team. The club officer positions and their respective responsibilities are listed below:

President

Vice President Education

Vice President Membership

Vice President Public Relations

Secretary

Treasurer

Sergeant at Arms

Immediate Past President


President
The President is the chief executive officer for the club. The primary responsibilities of this role involve the general supervision and operation of the club.

The President presides at club meetings and directs the club in meeting the members' needs for educational growth and leadership. In cooperation with the other officers, the President establishes long-term and short-term goals for the club.

Vice President Education
The Vice President Education (VPE) manages all educational programs within the club. The primary responsibilities of this role involve ensuring that all members continue their progress toward their own individual educational goals.

The VPE plans, organizes, and implements meeting schedules to include speeches, educational modules, and other events sufficient to meet both individual and club objectives. When members complete a speech or other major achievement, the VPE will sign or initial the appropriate documentation and contact Toastmasters International to ensure proper recognition. New members will receive orientation and be assigned a mentor by the VPE.

Vice President Membership
The Vice President Membership (VPM) manages the activities that sustain and increase the number of members in the club. The primary responsibilities of this role involve marketing and some administration.

The VPM plans, organizes, and implements a continuous marketing effort to ensure that club membership remains above club charter strength (20 members). This is accomplished both by retaining current members (working with the VPE) and by gaining new members (working with the VPPR). The VPM is responsible for the semi-annual membership reports to Toastmasters International and for keeping the membership roster and attendence records.

Vice President Public Relations
The Vice President Public Relations (VPPR) manages the creation and maintenance of the club's image. The primary responsibilities of this role involve both internal and external communications.

The VPPR plans, organizes, and implements programs to maintain the positive image of the club and of Toastmasters for an audience consisting of all guests, members, and the general public. Common activities in this role include press releases, publicity campaigns, website maintenance, media representation, and club newsletters.

Secretary
The Secretary manages all record-keeping and correspondence. The primary responsibilities of this role involve handling administrative details between the club and Toastmasters International and keeping the club's documents available and up-to-date.

The Secretary maintains the club's records, including club by-laws and the club constitution. Additionally, the Secretary handles and maintains new member applications, updated membership records, supply orders, officer lists, and past club records. The Secretary also records and reads the minutes for club meetings and for meetings of the Executive Team.

Treasurer
The Treasurer manages the club's financial health. The primary responsibilities of this role involve handling the club's finances, including the collection of club dues and the payment of all bills.

The Treasurer receives and disburses funds to further the operation of the club and its officers. All club accounts are managed by this office. Twice annually, the Treasurer must notify members of dues collection and then collect club dues from each member.

Sergeant at Arms
The Sergeant at Arms (SAA) manages the club's meeting facilities and decorum. The primary responsibilities of this role involve all those tasks expected of the host of the meeting.

The SAA arranges the room and setup for all meetings, sets out and cares for the club's materials and supplies, and greets members -- and especially guests -- as they come in the door.

Immediate Past President
The Immediate Past President guides and supports the Executive Team. The primary responsibilities of this role involve serving as a resource for new officers and ensuring continuity with past terms.

The Immediate Past President chairs the Nominating Committee, assists in preparing the Club Success Plan, and promotes the club's efforts to be recognized under the Distinguished Club Program.

Youth Leadership Program

What is Youth Leadership?

The Youth Leadership Program is a terrific way to help younger members of society begin learning more effective and leadership skills at a younger age.

The Youth Leadership Program helps young people develop the communication and leadership skills they need to be successful adults. The program is conducted by a coordinator for a group of young people under the age of eighteen, in four to eight sessions of one to two hours each. Ideally, there should be 15 to 25 participants; the minimum number is five.

Over the course of these sessions, participants learn about effective public speaking, have the opportunity to practice speaking themselves, and can be mentored by experienced Toastmasters if they desire. Friendships can and do blossom from the Youth Leadership experience.

This is a very effective way for a teenager to acquire the skills of speaking, listening, thinking, and evaluating -- all skills that are extremely important in today's world.

The sessions of the Youth Leadership Program covers a variety of topics which play a part in good public speaking.

Gestures

Vocal Variety

Using Visual Aids

Speech Organization

Taking the Terror Out of a Talk

Effective Speech Evaluation

Constructing a Speech

Relating to Your Audience

Why Host a Youth Leadership Program?

Conducting a Youth Leadership Program is an ideal way for your club to work with young people and to help build goodwill in the community.

Also, coordination of a Youth Leadership Program helps individual members by satisfying one of the requirements for the Advanced Toastmaster Gold recognition.

How Does a Club Host a Youth Leadership Program?

If your club would like to host a Youth Leadership Program, contact District 4's Lieutenant Governor of Marketing, who will help you coordinate the program, tailor it to your club's needs, refer people as participants and presenters, and provide other resources as needed for the program to be a success.

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Toastmasters International Manuals

The Competent Communication manual (often called the basic manual) helps you to develop the basic skills that you need to prepare and present an effective speech.

The manual is organized into ten separate projects, each with its own individual focus or objective. An extremely effective tool in developing your speaking skills, the Competent Communication manual never tells you exactly what to do or what to speak about, but rather it provides a set of guidelines for you to think about as you prepare your speech.


As an essential part of the Toastmasters program, another Toastmaster will evaluate each speech that you give, providing positive feedback and suggestions for improvement, as necessary.

After completing the Competent Communication manual, you earn Competent Communicator (CC) or Competent Toastmaster (CTM) recognition and are able to focus your efforts on the projects in the advanced speech manuals of the Toastmasters program.

Your Club Vice President Education can submit an application for a CC or other award. To submit educational awards, go to the "Club Business" section of http://www.toastmasters.org/.

The chart below lists the ten projects in the Competent Communication manual. For details about the projects in the manual click on the title.

Or you can order the manual online (opens in new window): 1 copy, or set of 4 copies.

Projects

The Ice Breaker

Organize Your Speech

Get to the Point

How to Say It

Your Body Speaks

Vocal Variety

Research Your Topic

Get Comfortable with Visual Aids

Persuade with Power

Inspire Your Audience

1. The Ice Breaker

For your first speech project, you will introduce yourself to your fellow club members and give them some information about your background, interests, and ambitions. Practice giving your speech to friends or family members, and strive to make eye contact with some of your audience. You may use notes during your speech if you wish. Read the entire project before preparing your talk.

Time:

4 - 6 minutes

Objectives:

 • 

To begin speaking before an audience.

 • 

To discover speaking skills you already have and skills that need some attention

 • 

To introduce yourself to your fellow club members.

2. Organize Your Speech

Good speech organization is essential if your audience is to understand your presentation. You must take the time to put your ideas together in an orderly manner. You can organize your speech in several different ways; choose the outline that best suits your topic. The opening should catch the audience’s attention, the body must support the idea you want to convey, and the conclusion should reinforce your ideas and be memorable. Transitions between thoughts should be smooth.

Time:

5 - 7 minutes

Objectives:

 • 

Select an appropriate outline which allows listeners to easily follow and understand your speech.

 • 

Make your message clear, with supporting material directly contributing to that message.

 • 

Use appropriate transitions when moving from one idea to another.

 • 

Create a strong opening and conclusion.

3. Get to the Point

Every speech must have a general an a specific purpose. A general purpose is to inform, to persuade, to entertain, or to inspire. A specific purpose is what you want the audience to do after listening to your speech. Once you have established your general and specific purposes, you’ll find it easy to organize your speech. You’ll also have more confidence, which makes you more convincing, enthusiastic, and sincere. Of course, the better organized the speech is, the more likely it is to achieve your purpose.

Time:

5 - 7 minutes

Objectives:

 • 

Organize the speech in a manner that best achieves those purposes.

 • 

Ensure the beginning, body, and conclusion reinforce the purpose.

 • 

Project sincerity and conviction and control any nervousness you may feel.

 • 

Strive not to use notes.

4. How to Say It

Words are powerful. They convey your message and influence the audience and its perception of you. Word choice and arrangement need just as much attention as speech organization and purpose. Select clear, accurate, descriptive and short words that best communicate your ideas and arrange them effectively and correctly. Every word should add value, meaning, and punch to the speech.

Time:

5 - 7 minutes

Objectives:

 • 

Select the right words and sentence structure to communicate your ideas clearly, accurately and vividly.

 • 

Use rhetorical devices to enhance and emphasize ideas.

 • 

Eliminate jargon and unnecessary words. Use correct grammar.

5. Your Body Speaks

Body language is an important part of speaking because it enhances your message and gives you more credibility. It also helps release any nervousness you may feel. Stance, movement, gestures, facial expressions, and eye contact help communicate your message and achieve your speech’s purpose. Body language should be smooth, natural, and convey the same message that your listeners hear.

Read: Gestures: Your Body Speaks (Catalog #201), which you received in your New Member Kit.

Time:

5 - 7 minutes

Objectives:

 • 

Use stance, movement, gestures, facial expressions, and eye contact to express tour message and achieve your speech’s purpose.

 • 

Make your body language smooth and natural.

 • 

Focus on methods of delivery, but do not overlook speech content.

6. Vocal Variety

Your voice has a major effect on your audience. A lively, excited voice attracts and keeps listeners’ attention. A speaking voice should be pleasant, natural, forceful, expressive, and easily heard. Use volume, pitch, rate, and quality as well as appropriate pauses to reflect and add meaning and interest to your message. Your voice should reflect the thoughts you are presenting.

Review Your Speaking Voice (Catalog #199), which you received in your New Member Kit.

Time:

5 - 7 minutes

Objectives:

 • 

Use voice volume, pitch, rate, and quality to reflect and add meaning and interest to your message..

 • 

Use pauses to enhance your message.

 • 

Use vocal variety smoothly and naturally.

7. Research Your Topic

Your speech will be more effective if you can support your main points with statistics, testimony, stories, anecdotes, examples, visual aids and facts. You can find this material on the Internet, at a library, and in other places. Use information collected from numerous sources and carefully support points with specific facts, examples and illustrations, rather than with just your own opinions.

Time:

5 - 7 minutes

Objectives:

 • 

Collect information about your topic from numerous sources.

 • 

Carefully support your points and opinions with specific facts, examples, and illustrations gathered through research.

8. Get Comfortable with Visual Aids

Visual aids help an audience understand and remember what they hear; they are a valuable tool for speakers. The most popular visual aid are computer-based visuals, overhead transparencies, flip charts, whiteboards, and props. The type of visual aid you choose depends on several factors, including the information you wish to display and the size of the audience. Visuals must be appropriate for your message and the audience, and be displayed correctly with ease and confidence.

Time:

5 - 7 minutes

Objectives:

 • 

Select visual aids that are appropriate for your message and the audience.

 • 

Use visual aids correctly with ease and confidence.

9. Persuade with Power

The ability to persuade – to get other people to understand, accept, and act upon your ideas – is a valuable skill. Your listeners will be more likely to be persuaded if they perceive you as credible, if you use logic and emotion in your appeal, if you carefully structure your speech and if you appeal to their interests. Avoid using notes because they may cause listeners to doubt your sincerity, knowledge, and conviction.

Time:

5 - 7 minutes

Objectives:

 • 

Persuade listeners to adopt your viewpoint or ideas or to take some action.

 • 

Appealing to the audience’s interests.

 • 

Use logic and emotion to support your position.

 • 

Avoid using notes.

10. Inspire Your Audience

An inspirational speech motivates an audience to improve personally, emotionally, professionally, or spiritually and relies heavily on emotional appeal. It brings the audience together in a mood of fellowship and shared desire, builds the audience’s enthusiasm, then proposes a change or plan and appeals to the audience to adopt this change or plan.

This speech will last longer than your previous talks, so make arrangements in advance with your VP Education and meeting Toastmaster for extra time.

Time:

8 - 10 minutes

Objectives:

 • 

To inspire the audience by appealing to noble motives and challenging the audience to achieve a higher level of beliefs or achievement.

 • 

Appeal to the audience’s needs and emotions, using stories, anecdotes and quotes to add drama.

 • 

Avoid using notes.

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Toastmasters International

The Advanced Communication manuals train you for different speaking situations that Toastmasters can encounter outside the club environment.

There are currently 15 Advanced Communication manuals each of which includes five speech projects. The individual projects focus on a single, specific theme to help Toastmasters improve their communication skills in a particular area.

The chart below lists the titles of the Advanced Communication manuals. For details about the projects in the manual click on the title.

You can order either a complete set of the manuals online (opens in new window) –

 set of AC manuals -- or you can order any individual manual online (opens in new window).

1). Communicating on Television

1. Straight Talk

Time:

3 minutes +/- 30 seconds

Objectives:

To effectively present an opinion or viewpoint in a short time.

To stimulate giving a presentation as part of a television broadcast.

2. The Talk Show

Time:

10 minutes +/- 30 seconds

Objectives:

To understand the dynamics of a television interview or "talk" show.

To prepare for the questions that may be asked of you during a television interview program.

To present a positive image on the television camera.

To appear as a guest on a simulated television talk show.

3. When You`re the Host

Time:

10 minutes +/- 30 seconds

Objectives:

To conduct a successful television interview.

To understand the dynamics of a successful television interview or "talk" show.

To prepare questions to ask during the interview program.

To present a positive, confident image on the television camera.

4. The Press Conference

Time:

4-6 minutes, plus 8-10 minutes (Q&A)

Objectives:

To understand the nature of a television press conference.

To prepare for an adversary confrontation on a controversial or sensitive issue.

To employ appropriate preparation methods and strategies for communicating your organization`s viewpoint.

To present and maintain a positive image on television.

5. Training On Television

Time:

5-7 minutes,
plus 5-7 minutes for video playback

Objectives:

To learn how to develop and present an effective training program on television.

To receive personal feedback through the videotaping of your presentation.

Note: For some speech projects, the presentation time may also include additional segments for such activities as question-and-answer periods, depending on the project.

2). The Discussion Leader

1. The Seminar Solution

Time:

20-30 minutes

Objectives:

Present an introductory short talk or brief lecture describing a theory, model or information about a topic that will be discussed by a group following the presentation.

Organize the information so that it is easy to understand and can be remembered.

Orient the group to think about the specific goal of the discussionthat follows.

Use a buzz session discussion technique to promote group participation in deriving information leading to a solution to the problem.

2. The Round Robin

Time:

20-30 minutes

Objectives:

Establish the meaning of a question with a discussion group.

Using a problem solving pattern, lead the participants in a brainstorming session.

Screen the possible solutions and lead the group in deciding what action to take.

3. Pilot a Panel

Time:

30-40 minutes

Objectives:

Select a problem for panel discussion. Select not less than three members in advance to speak on the panel.

Define the common goals and the purpose of the panel.

Acting as moderator, monitor the panel discussion to inform the audience.

4. Make Believe (Role Playing)

Time:

20-30 minutes

Objectives:

Understand what role-playing is and how to use it effectively in group communication.

Select a problem involving human relatons in which you may use the role-playing method to illustrate and explore the problem.

Create a plot and characters relevant to the discussion problem and select a cast from among the group members.

5. The Workshop Leader

Time:

30-40 minutes

Objectives:

Building group unity, guide the workshop participants in an investigative discussion of the problem.

Follow a problem solving pattern to arrive at a solution.

Bring the group to an agreement before the discussion ends.

Note: For some speech projects, the presentation time may also include additional segments for such activities as question-and-answer periods, depending on the project.

3). The Entertaining Speaker


People like to be entertained and the entertaining speaker offers listeners a pleasant diversion from their demanding lives. This manual offers five projects that will help you develop your skills as an entertaining speaker.

1. The Entertaining Speech

Time:

5-7 minutes

Objectives:

 • 

Entertain the audience through use of humor and/or drama drawn from your personal experience.

 • 

Organize an entertaining speech for maximum audience impact.

2. Resources for Entertainment

Time:

8-10 minutes

Objectives:

 • 

Draw humorous and/or dramatic material from sources other than your own personal experience.

 • 

Adapt your material to suit your topic, your own personality and the audience. Use entertaining material as a means of conveying a serious message.

3. Make Them Laugh

Time:

8-10 minutes

Objectives:

 • 

Prepare a humorous speech drawn from your own experience.

 • 

Strengthen the speech by adapting and personalizing humorous material from outside sources.

 • 

Deliver the speech in a way that makes the humor effective.

4. A Dramatic Talk

Time:

10-12 minutes

Objectives:

 • 

Develop an entertaining dramatic talk about an experience or incident, or give a dramatic reading.

 • 

Include vivid imagery, characters and dialogue.

 • 

Deliver the talk in an interpretative manner.

5. Speaking After Dinner

Time:

13-15 minutes

Objectives:

 • 

Prepare an entertaining after-dinner talk on a specific theme.

 • 

Deliver the talk extemporaneously, using the skills developed in the preceding entertainment projects.

Note: For some speech projects, the presentation time may also include additional segments for such activities as question-and-answer periods, depending on the project.

4). Humorously Speaking

1. Warm Up Your Audience

Time:

5-7 minutes

Objectives:

Prepare a speech that opens with a humorous story.

Personalize the story.

Deliver the story smoothly and effectively.

2. Leave Them With A Smile

Time:

5-7 minutes

Objectives:

Prepare a serious speech that opens and closes with humorous stories.

Prepare a closing story that reemphasizes the speech's main point.

Deliver the stories smoothly and effectively.

3. Make Them Laugh

Time:

5-7 minutes

Objectives:

Prepare a speech that opens and closes with humorous stories.

Include jokes in the speech body to illustrate points or maintain audience interest.

Deliver the jokes and stories smoothly and effectively.

4. Keep Them Laughing

Time:

5-7 minutes

Objectives:

Prepare a speech that opens with a self-depreciating joke.

String together two or three related jokes in the speech body.

Close the speech with a humorous story.

5. The Humorous Speech

Time:

5-7 minutes

Objectives:

Use exaggeration to tell a humorous story.

Entertain the audience.

Effectively use body language and voice to enhance the story.

Note: For some speech projects, the presentation time may also include additional segments for such activities as question-and-answer periods, depending on the project.

5). Interpersonal Communication

1. Conversing with Ease

Time:

10-14 minutes

Objectives:

Identify techniques to use in conversing with strangers.

Recognize different levels of conversation.

Initiate a conversation with a stranger.

Use open-ended questions to solicit information for further conversation.

2. The Successful Negotiator

Time:

10-14 minutes

Objectives:

Employ win/win negotiating strategies to achieve your goals.

Enjoy the benefits of win/win negotiating.

3. Diffusing Verbal Criticism

Time:

10-14 minutes

Objectives:

Respond non-defensively to verbal criticism.

Employ a five-step method to identify the problem, diffuse the attack and arrive at a solution.

4. The Coach

Time:

10-14 minutes

Objectives:

Determine reasons for someone's substandard performance.

Coach the person to improved performance.

5. Asserting Yourself Effectively

Time:

10-14 minutes

Objectives:

Enjoy the mental and physical benefits of being assertive.

Emply the four-step method for addressing a problem and asking for help.

Overcome resistance to your requests.

Note: For some speech projects, the presentation time may also include additional segments for such activities as question-and-answer periods, depending on the project.

6). Interpretive Reading

1. Read A Story

Time:

8-10 minutes

Objectives:

To understand the elements of interpretive reading.

To learn how to analyze a narrative and plan for effective interpretation.

To learn and apply vocal techniques that will aid in the effectiveness of the reading.

2. Interpreting Poetry

Time:

6-8 minutes

Objectives:

To understand the differences between poetry and prose.

To recognize how poets use imaginary, rhythm, meter, cadence and rhyme to convey the meanings and emotions of their poetry.

To apply vocal techniques that will aid in the effectiveness of the reading.

3. The Monodrama

Time:

5-7 minutes

Objectives:

To understand the concept and nature of the monodrama.

To assume the identity of a character and to portray the physical and emotional aspects of this character to an audience.

4. The Play

Time:

12-15 minutes

Objectives:

To adapt a play for interpretive reading.

To portray several characters in one reading, identifying them to the audience through voice changes and movement.

5. The Oratorical Speech

Time:

10-12 minutes

Objectives:

To understand the structure of an effective speech.

To interpret and present a famous speech.

Note: For some speech projects, the presentation time may also include additional segments for such activities as question-and-answer periods, depending on the project.

7). Persuasive Speaking

1. The Effective Salesperson

Time:

8 to 12 minutes => 3-4 min speech, short scenario intro, 3-5 min role play

Objectives:

Learn a technique for selling an inexpensive product in a retail store.

Recognize a buyer's thought processes in making a purchase.

Elicit information from a prospective buyer through questions.

Match the buyer's situation with the most appropriate product.

2. Conquering the "Cold Call"

Time:

10 to 14 minutes => 3-4 min speech, short scenario intro, 5-7 min role play, 2-3 min discussion

Objectives:

Learn a technique for "cold call" selling of expensive product or services.

Recognize the risks buyers assume in purchasing.

Use questions to help the buyer discover problems with his or her current situation.

Successfully handle buyer's objections and concerns.

3. The Winning Proposal

Time:

5 to 7 minutes

Objectives:

Prepare a proposal advocating an idea or course of action.

Organize the proposal using the six-step method provided.

4. Addressing the Opposition

Time:

7 to 9 minutes speech; 2-3 minutes Q&A

Objectives:

Prepare a talk on a controversial subject that persuades an audience to accept or at least consider your viewpoint.

Construct the speech to appeal to the audience's logic and emotions.

5. The Persuasive Leader

Time:

6 to 8 minutes

Objectives:

Communicate your vision and mission to an audience.

Convince your audience to work toward achieving your vision and mission.

Note: For some speech projects, the presentation time may also include additional segments for such activities as question-and-answer periods, depending on the project.

8).The Professional Speaker

1. The Keynote Address

Time:

15-20 minutes

Objectives:

Identify the basic differences between keyote speeches and other kinds of speeches.

Learn how to evaluate audience feeling and establish emotional rapport.

Learn and use the proessional techniques necessary for a successful keynote presentation.

Develop a speech style and delivery that effectively inspires and moves the audience to adopt your views as a collective reaffirmation of its own.

2. Speaking to Entertain

Time:

15-20 minutes

Objectives:

Entertain the audience through the use of humor drawn from personal experience and from other material that your have personalized.

Deliver the speech in a way that makes the humor effective.

Establish personal rapport with your audience for maximum impact.

3. The Sales Training Speech

Time:

15-20 minutes

Objectives:

Tell a sales audience how to sell a product by using a planned presentation.

Inform a sales training audience about the human experience of the buyer-seller relationship.

Use entertaining stories and dynamic examples of sales situations.

Inspire salespeople to want to succeed in selling.

4. The Professional Seminar

Time:

20-40 minutes

Objectives:

Plan and present a seminar with specific learning objectives.

Relate to the audience by using a seminar presentation style.

Use seminar presentation techniques to promote group participation, learning and personal growth.

5. The Motivational Speech

Time:

15-20 minutes

Objectives:

Understand the concept and nature of motivational speaking.

Apply a four-step motivational method with the purpose of persuading and inspiring.

Deliver a motivational speech to persuade an audience to emotionally commit to an action.

Note: For some speech projects, the presentation time may also include additional segments for such activities as question-and-answer periods, depending on the project.

9). Public Relations

1. The Public Relations Speech

Time:

5-7 minutes

Objectives:

Prepare a talk that will build goodwill for your organization by supplying useful information of interest to the audience.

2. Resources for Goodwill

Time:

8-10 minutes

Objectives:

Research the operation and benefits of an organization or company.

Prepare a talk designed to build goodwill toward it by presenting factual information.

Analyze the common interests of your audience and focus your presentation on those interests.

Effectively use at least one visual aid to enhance the audience's understanding.

3. The Persuasive Approach

Time:

8-10 minutes

Objectives:

Direct a persuasive appeal to the audience's self-interests using a combination of fact and emotion in a speech delivered in such a manner that it appears extemporaneous.

Persuade the audience to adopt your viewpoint by the use of standard persuasive techniques.

4. Speaking Under Fire

Time:

6-8 minutes, plus 8-10 minutes (Q&A)

Objectives:

Prepare a talk to persuade a hostile audience at least to consider your position on a controversial issue.

Conduct a question-and-answer period on the speech subject.

5. The Media Speech

Time:

8-10 minutes, plus 30 seconds

Objectives:

Write a speech script behalf of a social cause.

Using the script, present the speech to persuade a general television audience.

Note: For some speech projects, the presentation time may also include additional segments for such activities as question-and-answer periods, depending on the project.

10). Speaking To Inform


Do you want to tell others about a new product, an important discovery, ways to enhance the uality of one's life? By completing the projects in the the Speaking To Inform manual, you'll learn to effectively communicate your ideas.

1. The Speech to Inform

Time:

5-7 minutes

Objectives:

 • 

Select new and useful information for presentation to the audience.

 • 

Organize the information for easy understandability and retention.

 • 

Present the information in a way that will help motivate the audience to learn.

2. Resources for Informing

Time:

8-10 minutes

Objectives:

 • 

Analyze the knowledge level of your audience regarding your chosen subject.

 • 

Focus your presentation at the audience's level of knowledge.

 • 

Build a supporting case for each major point through use of explanation, examples and information gathered in research.

 • 

Effectively use at least one visual aid to enhance the audience's understanding.

3. The Demonstration Talk

Time:

10-12 minutes

Objectives:

 • 

Prepare a demonstration speech to clearly explain a process, product, or activity.

 • 

Conduct the demonstration as part of a speech delivered without notes.

4. A Fact Finding Report

Time:

10-12 minutes

Objectives:

 • 

Prepare a report on a situation, event, or problem of interest to the audience.

 • 

Deliver sufficient factual information in your report so the audience can base valid conclusions or a sound decision on it.

5. The Abstract Concept

Time:

10-12 minutes

Objectives:

 • 

Research and organize the thought of experts on an abstract concept, theory, historical force, or social/political issue.

 • 

Present the ideas in a clear and interesting manner.

Note: For some speech projects, the presentation time may also include additional segments for such activities as question-and-answer periods, depending on the project.

11) Special Occasion Speeches

1. Mastering the Toast

Time:

2-3 minutes

Objectives:

Recognize the characteristics of a toast.

Present a toast honoring an occasion or person.

2. Speaking in Praise

Time:

5-7 minutes

Objectives:

Prepare a speech praising or honoring someone, either living or dead.

Address five areas concerning the individual and his/her accomplishments.

Include anecdotes illustrating points within the speech.

3. The Roast

Time:

3-5 minutes

Objectives:

Poke fun at a particular indivdual in a good-natured way.

Adapt and personalize humorous material from other sources.

Deliver jokes and humorous stories effectively.

4. Presenting an Award

Time:

3-4 minutes

Objectives:

Present an award with dignity and grace.

Acknowledge the contributions of the recipient.

5. Accepting an Award

Time:

5-7 minutes

Objectives:

Accept an award with dignity, grace and sincerity.

Acknowledge the presenting organization.

Note: For some speech projects, the presentation time may also include additional segments for such activities as question-and-answer periods, depending on the project.

12). Specialty Speeches

1. Speak Off The Cuff

Time:

5-7 minutes

Objectives:

Develop an awareness of situations in which you might be called upon to deliver an impromptu speech.

Understand how to prepare for impromptu speaking.

Develop skill as a speaker in the impromptu situation by using one or more patterns to approach a topic under discussion; for example, comparing a past, present, and future situation, or before and after.

2. Uplift the Spirit

Time:

8-10 minutes

Objectives:

Identify and understand the basic differences between inspirational speeches and other kinds of speeches.

Learn how to evaluate audience feeling and develop emotional rapport.

Develop a speech style and delivery that effectively expresses inspirational content by moving the audience to adopt your views.

3. Sell a Product

Time:

10-12 minutes

Objectives:

Understand the relationship of sales technique to persuasion.

Skillfully use the four steps in a sales presentation: attention, interest, desire, action.

Identify and promote a unique selling proposition in a sales presentation.

4. Read Out Loud

Time:

12-15 minutes

Objectives:

Arrive at an understanding of the elements that comprise oral interpretation and how it differs from preparing and giving a speech.

Learn the preparation or planning techniques of effective interpretation.

Learn the principles of presentation and develop skill in interpretive reading with regard to voice and body as instruments of communication.

5. Introduce the Speaker

Time:

duration of meeting

Objectives:

Focus on the special occasion talk from the standpoint of the introducer (function, chairman, toastmaster, master of ceremonies).

Become knowledgeable and skilled in the functions associated with the master of ceremonies.

Handle the introduction of other speakers at a club meeting.

Note: For some speech projects, the presentation time may also include additional segments for such activities as question-and-answer periods, depending on the project.

13). Speeches By Management

1. The Briefing

Time:

8-10 minutes, plus 5 minutes (Q&A)

Objectives:

Apply the key steps in the preparation of a briefing and the organization of material.

Give a briefing according to a specific objective so the audience will have an understanding of the information.

Effectively handle a question-and-answer session following the briefing.

2. The Technical Speech

Time:

8-10 minutes

Objectives:

Convey a technical paper or technical material and information into a technical speech.

Organize a technical speech according to the inverted-pyramid approach.

Write a technical speech as "spoken language," not as an article.

Give the speech by effectively reading out loud.

3. Manage and Motivate

Time:

10-12 minutes

Objectives:

Understand the concept and nature of motivational methods in management.

Apply a four step motivational method with the objectives to persuade and inspire.

Deliver a motivational speech to persuade an audience to agree with your management proposal.

4. The Status Report

Time:

12-15 minutes

Objectives:

Organize and prepare a status report involving the overall condition of a plan or program, or performance of a department or company in relation to goals.

Construct the report according to a four step pattern.

Give an effective presentation of the report.

5. Confrontation: The Adversary Relationship

Time:

5 minutes, plus 10 minutes (Q&A)

Objectives:

Understand the definition and nature of the adversary relationship.

Prepare for an adversary confrontation on a controversial management issue.

Employ appropriate preparation methods, strategy, and techniques, for communicating with an adversary group as the representative of your company or corporation.

Note: For some speech projects, the presentation time may also include additional segments for such activities as question-and-answer periods, depending on the project.

14).  Storytelling


Everyone loves a good story! The projects in this manual are designed to help you develop stiorytelling skills.

1. The Folk Tale

Time:

7-9 minutes

Objectives:

 • 

To tell a folk tale that is entertaining and enjoyable for a specific age group.

 • 

To use vivid imagery and voice to enhance the tale.

2. Let`s Get Personal

Time:

6-8 minutes

Objectives:

 • 

To learn the elements of a good story.

 • 

To create and tell an original story based on a personal experience.

3. The Moral of the Story

Time:

4-6 minutes

Objectives:

 • 

To understand that a story can be entertaining yet display moral values.

 • 

To create a new story that offers a lesson or moral.

 • 

To tell the story, using the skills developed in the previous two projects.

4. The Touching Story

Time:

6-8 minutes

Objectives:

 • 

To understand the techniques available to arouse emotion.

 • 

To become skilled in arousing emotions while telling a story.

5. Bringing History to Life

Time:

7-9 minutes

Objectives:

 • 

To understand the purpose of stories about historical events or people.

 • 

To use the storytelling skills developed in the preceding projects to tell a story about a historical event or person.

Note: For some speech projects, the presentation time may also include additional segments for such activities as question-and-answer periods, depending on the project.

15). Technical Presentations

1. The Technical Briefing

Time:

8-10 minutes

Objectives:

Using a systematic approach, organize technical material into a concise presentation.

Tailor the presentation to the audience's needs, interests and knowledge levels.

2. The Proposal

Time:

8-10 minutes, plus 3-5 minutes (Q&A)

Objectives:

To prepare a technical presentation advocating a product, service, idea or course of action.

To present your viewpoint logically and convincingly, using an inverted-pyramid approach.

To effectively use a flipchart to illustrate your message.

To effectively handle a question-and-answer period.

3. The Nontechnical Audience

Time:

10-12 minutes

Objectives:

Understand the principles of communicating complex information to nontechnical listeners.

Build and deliver an interesting talk based on these principles.

Answer audience questions that arise during the presentation.

Use overhead transparancies to illustrate your message.

4. Presenting a Technical Paper

Time:

10-12 minutes

Objectives:

Deliver an interesting speech based on a technical paper or article.

Effectively use a flipchart, overhead projector or slides to illustrate your message.

5. The Team Technical Presentation

Time:

20-30 minutes

Objectives:

Understand the nature and process of a team technical presentation.

Conceptualize a briefing or proposal involving three or more speakers, including yourself.

Assemble a team of club members capable of getting the job done.

Orchestrate the planning, preparation and delivery of a team technical presentation.

Note: For some speech projects, the presentation time may also include additional segments for such activities as question-and-answer periods, depending on the project.