中文  English
NWBI主持人協會
代理美國留學
公告
NWBI 成就
日歷表
課程
註冊表
校長/教師
新聞
照片
活動
名校
精萃講座
講座培訓
國際主持人
青少年主持人
寫作精華
青少年領袖
愛心基金
教育專欄
國際文教夏令營
國際文化交流
藝術
主流中文
教師執照
社區
傳媒廣播
圍棋
中國園之友
互聯網
 
Login ID
Password
 

Guidelines--ACTFL Chinese Language Learning: Standards for the 21st Century

 

Chinese Language Learning: Standards for the 21st Century


  1. What are goals and standards?      1.1 Content Standards WHAT?
          Explain what students should know and be able to do– focus on teaching and learning.

      1.2 Performance Standards HOW?
          Describe how students will show that they are achieving the content standards.   2. Goals and objectives

      2.1 Background

          * Educational Reform of the 1990s
            Goals 2000 (Bush)
            Visionary Goals 2000 (Clinton)

            All students should demonstrate proficiency in challenging subject matter in grades four, eight, and twelve.

          * Year 1993 Foreign Language in the mainstream

  2.2  ACTFL Standards

       2.2.1 Process & Design

                   - American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL)

                Other
                  - AATSP
                  - AATF
                  - AATTG

     2.2.2 Guiding Principles

      All students will develop and maintain proficiency in English and at least one other language.

     Three Assumptions:

      1. Language and culture
      2. Learners of language and culture
      3. Language and culture education

 2.3 Language and Culture learning benefits:

    2.3.1. Competence in more than one language and culture enables people to:

             * Communicate with other people in other cultures in a variety of settings;

            *  Look beyond their customary borders;

            *  Develop insight into their own language and culture;

            *  Act with greater awareness of self, of other cultures, and their own relationship to those cultures;

            *  Gain direct access to additional bodies of knowledge;

            * Participate more fully in the global community and marketplace

   2.3.2  All Students can be successful language and culture learners, and

            * They must have access to language and culture study that is integrated into the entire school experience;

            * They benefit from the development and maintenance of proficiency in more than one language;

            * They learn in a variety of ways and settings;

            * They acquire proficiency at varied rates.

   2.3.3   Language and culture education is part of the core curriculum and

            * It is tied to program models that incorporate effective strategies, assessment procedure, and technologies;

            * It reflects evolving standards at the national, state, and local levels;

            * It develops and enhances basic communication skills and higher order thinking skills.

  2.4 American Foreign Language Learning Standards

    2.4.1 History
            1995 First draft
            1995 National Standards Collaboration Project
            1996 Standards for Foreign Language Learning (9 languages)
            1999 National Standards for Foreign Language Learning: Preparing for the 21st Century
            2006 Published 2nd edition (10 languages)

   2.4.2 The Five C’s

              

            The Five C’s of Foreign Language Education

           * Communication

          * Cultures

          * Connections

          * Comparisons

          * Communities

   2.4.3 Standards for Chinese learners

          Chinese Language Association of Secondary-Elementary Schools (CLASS)

          * Task Force of Chinese teachers

          * Three groups

          * Revised by committee with scholars
 
          * 1998 First draft
 
          * 1999 Published with other languages


  2.4.4. Five Standards

;         2.4.4.1     Standard 1: Communication
                     * Students engage in conversation, provide and obtain information, express feelings and emotions, and exchange opinions in Chinese. (interpersonal)
                     * Students understand and interpret written and spoken language on a variety of topics in Chinese. (interpretive)
                     * Students present information, concepts, and ideas to an audience of listeners or readers on a variety of topics.(presentational)

            2.4.4.2    Standard 2: Cultures
                     * Students demonstrate an understanding of the relationship between the practices and perspectives of the cultures of the Chinese-
                        speaking world.
                    * Students demonstrate an understanding of the relationship between the products and perspectives of the cultures of the Chinese-speaking
                       world.

            2.4.4.3    Standard 3: Connections
                      * Students reinforce and further their knowledge of other disciplines through the study of Chinese.
                      * Students acquire information and recognize the distinctive viewpoints that are only available through the Chinese language and culture.


            2.4.4.4    Standard 4: Comparisons
                       * Students demonstrate understanding of the nature of language through comparisons of the Chinese language with their own.
                       * Students demonstrate understanding of the concept of culture through comparisons of Chinese culture with their own.


            2.4.4.5 Standard 5: Communities
                      * Students use the Chinese language both within and beyond the school setting.
                      * Students show evidence of becoming life-long learners by using Chinese for personal enjoyment and enrichment.

    2.4.5    Study Case:  Name the standards in the scenario
Ms. Chu’s Chinese class in Wisconsin learns the history of kites in China and concepts in making kites. The students read a short story in Chinese about kite flying and popular “insect” kites. They review vocabulary on weather, colors, seasons, and learn new vocabulary related to kites. After viewing video clips and diagrams on kite making, students work in groups to design and build their own kites. Later, they describe orally their completed kites to the class. After school, they
fly the kites on the football field.

           2.4.5.1 Review of Standards
                       1: Communication: interpersonal; interpretive; presentational
                       2: Cultures: practices & perspectives; products & perspectives
                       3: Connections: other disciplines; acquire information
                       4: Comparisons: compare languages; compare cultures
                       5: Communities: within & outside; life-long learning for personal enjoyment

            2.4.5.2 Name the standards
                       1.1 Students work together to build kites and discuss the finished products.
                       1.2 Student read and listen to information about kites.
                       1.3 Students describe their kites orally in class.
                       2.1 Students learn the history of Chinese kites.
                       2.2 Students participate in making kites.
                       3.1 Students connect arts, shapes and weights, winds, and altitude in kite making and flying.
                       4.2 Students compare Chinese and American concepts of kites and styles.
                       5.1 Students fly kites on the school football field and the community playground.
                       5.2 Students fly kites for personal enjoyment.